Both of these movements sanctified members through fights against supposed “infidels,” while protecting religious pilgrims.Both movements also required taking a vow and the logging of activities.It was usually secret and not expressed between husband and wife.Its purpose existed somewhere between spiritual enlightenment and erotic desire.
An example of this is De Re Militari, a handbook on war and warfare written by Vegetius.
For the most part, women were oppressed and viewed as much lesser beings than men.
Women outside of noble families were viewed as especially worthless.
This was known as “courtly love chivalry.” A famous example of courtly love chivalry in the Middle Ages was Sir Lancelot in showing his love for Guinevere.
Chivalry towards women was derived from worship of the Virgin Mary.