Several dances styles were also developed during this time including the Bump and the Hustle.
The disco sound often has several components, a "four-on-the-floor" beat, an eighth note (quaver) or 16th note (semi-quaver) hi-hat pattern with an open hi-hat on the off-beat, and a prominent, syncopated electric bass line.
By 1959, the term was used in Paris to describe any of these type of nightclubs.
That year, a young reporter named Klaus Quirini started to select and introduce records at the Scotch-Club in Aachen, West Germany.
Many non-disco artists recorded disco songs at the height of disco's popularity, and films such as Saturday Night Fever (1977) and Thank God It's Friday (1978) contributed to disco's rise in mainstream popularity. Studio 54, a venue popular among celebrities, was a well-known disco club of that time.
During WWII, because of restrictions set in place by the Nazi occupiers, jazz dance halls in Occupied France played records instead of using live music.
Eventually more than one of these jazz venues had the proper name discothèque.
Many disco songs use electronic synthesizers, particularly in the late 1970s.
Well-known 1970s and 1980s disco performers included: Vicki Sue Robinson, Yvonne Elliman, Grace Jones, Divine, Lime, Thelma Houston, Diana Ross, Cher, Cheryl Lynn, Donna Summer, the Bee Gees, Boney M., Claudja Barry, Billy Ocean, Cerrone, Dan Hartman, Madonna, Miquel Brown, Chaka Khan, KC and the Sunshine Band, the Trammps, Marlena Shaw, Sylvester, Village People, Gloria Gaynor, Amii Stewart, and Chic.