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Dating methods of pompeii

Indeed, if the radiocarbon dates are taken to be the correct ones, the whole of Aegean Late Bronze Age chronology would necessarily be revised.

There is ample documentation of the Roman house in Pompeii, from modest dwellings to large and magnificent villas with sumptuous decorations, from simple workmen's houses to the elegant residences of the noble class, from the homes of merchants which were built around their workshops, to those with their own vegetable garden and plots of land used for agricultural purposes.

The most recent pottery style found in the destroyed Minoan palaces was Late Minoan 1B.

Cross-dating between the Minoan sequence and the well-established Egyptian chronology dates Late Minoan 1B pottery (and hence the destruction of the palaces) to around 1450 BCE.

As such, dendrochronology (tree-ring dating) and ice core samples from distant sites have both been used to attempt to obtain an absolute date for the eruption.

Researchers from Queens University in Belfast found that oak trees living in the bogs of Ireland had narrow growth rings for the decade following 1628 BCE.

In subsequent periods it was known as tetrastyle, because it was embellished with four columns which held up the implucium.

Radiocarbon dating gave the tree’s date of death (and therefore the date of the eruption) as 1627-1600BCE at 95% confidence levels, which matches very neatly with the dates from Manning’s study.The typical house is variable in size and has a rectangular plan.It is almost totally devoid of windows on the outside, since all the rooms face onto the inner courtyards.This led most scholars to conclude that the eruption occurred around this date and was not responsible for the Minoan collapse which occurred later, around 1450 BCE.However, there are some who do not assume that the end of settlement at Akrotiri coincided with the eruption.The remains of Akrotiri were excavated from the 1960’s by Greek archaeologist Spyridon Marinatos.As early as 1939, Marinatos claimed that the eruption of Thera was responsible for the downfall of the Minoan civilisation on the island of Crete, about 110 kilometres south of Thera.But the link between the narrow growth-rings and the eruption is tenuous, and does not provide strong evidence for this date all by itself.Ice cores demonstrate peaks of high acidity caused by major eruptions, and the acidity levels of an ice core from Greenland suggested a similar eruption date of around 1645 BCE.A study led by archaeologist Sturt Manning from Cornell University obtained radiocarbon dates from 127 samples of wood, bone and seed from Akrotiri and other Aegean sites.Following calibration and cross-checking among three different laboratories, they date the eruption to between 16 BCE, within 95% confidence intervals.

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