For more information, updates, and access to free materials to assist with educating staff and patients about the impact of influenza and the benefits of vaccination, visit CDC Seasonal Influenza (Flu) or call the National Immunization Hotline at (800) 232-2522 (English), (800) 232-0233 (español), or (800) 243-7889 (TTY). Preventing nosocomial influenza by improving the vaccine acceptance rate of clinicians. Saito R, Suzuki H, Oshitani H, Sakai T, Seki N, Tanabe N. Randomized, placebo-controlled double blind study on the efficacy of influenza immunization on absenteeism of health care workers. Wilde JA, Mc Millan JA, Serwint J, Butta J, O’Riordan MA, Steinhoff MC. Influenza vaccination of health care workers in long-term-care hospitals reduces the mortality of elderly patients.
The recommendations for vaccination of people with egg allergies have not changed since last season (2016-2017). The effectiveness of influenza vaccine against influenza A (H3N2) virus infections in nursing homes in Niigata, Japan, during the 1998–19–2000 seasons. Cunney RJ, Bialachowski A, Thornley D, Smaill FM, Pennie RA. Effects of influenza vaccination of health-care workers on mortality of elderly people in long-term care: a randomised controlled trial. Effectiveness of influenza vaccine in health care professionals: a randomized trial.
People with egg allergies can receive any licensed, recommended age-appropriate influenza vaccine and no longer have to be monitored for 30 minutes after receiving the vaccine. Apisarnthanarak A, Uyeki T, Puthavathana P, Kitphati R, Mundy L. Influenza vaccination of health-care personnel: recommendations of the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) and the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). An outbreak of influenza A in a neonatal intensive care unit.
People who have severe egg allergies should be vaccinated in a medical setting and be supervised by a health care provider who is able to recognize and manage severe allergic conditions. Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2010. Reduction of seasonal influenza transmission among healthcare workers in an intensive care unit: A 4-year intervention study in Thailand. Influenza vaccination and sick leave practices and perceptions reported by health care workers in ambulatory care settings.
While seasonal influenza outbreaks can happen as early as October, most of the time influenza activity peaks between December and February.
Since it takes about two weeks after vaccination for antibodies to develop in the body that protect against influenza virus infection, it is best that people get vaccinated so they are protected before influenza begins spreading in their community.
All 2016-2017 influenza vaccines are made to protect against the following three viruses: Some of the 2016-2017 flu vaccine is quadrivalent vaccine and also protects against an additional B virus (B/Phuket/3073/2013-like virus). Vaccines that give protection against three viruses are called trivalent vaccines.
Vaccines that give protection against four viruses are called quadrivalent vaccines.
CDC adopts recommendations that are made by the Advisory Committee for Immunization Practices.Antibodies develop in the body about two weeks after vaccination.These antibodies provide protection against infection from viruses that are the same as or similar to those used to make the vaccine.So an annual vaccination is needed to get the “optimal” or best protection against the flu.Optimally, vaccination should occur before onset of influenza activity in the community.Factors that can determine a person’s suitability for vaccination, or vaccination with a particular vaccine, include a person’s age, health (current and past) and any allergies to flu vaccine or its components.CDC recommends use of injectable influenza vaccines (including inactivated influenza vaccines and recombinant influenza vaccines) during 2017-2018.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2014; 2-5 Health Care Personnel and Flu Vaccination, Internet Panel Survey, United States, November, 2013 Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Health-Care Personnel — United States, 2012–13 Influenza Season. Health Care Personnel Flu Vaccination, Internet Panel Survey, United States, November, 2012 CDC. Update on Influenza Vaccination for Health Care Personnel: Recent Coverage, Recommendations, Reporting, and Resources. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2013;62(38);781-786 Ahmed F, Lindley M, Allred N, Weinbaum C, Grohskopf L. Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Workers: Making the Grade for Action. Influenza Vaccination Coverage Among Health-Care Personnel – 2011-12 Influenza Season, United States. The nasal spray flu vaccine (live attenuated influenza vaccine or LAIV) should not be used during 2017-2018.Different flu vaccines are approved for use in different groups of people.