One of the students who took part in the poll commented: "In my point of view, female driving is not a necessity because in the country of the two holy mosques every woman is like a queen.
There is (someone) who cares about her; and a woman needs nothing as long as there is a man who loves her and meets her needs; as for the current campaigns calling for women's driving, they are not reasonable.
The variation of interpretation often leads to controversy.
For example, Sheikh Ahmad Qassim Al-Ghamdi, chief of the Mecca region's mutaween (religious police), has said prohibiting ikhtilat (gender mixing) has no basis in Sharia.
Bradley, Western pressure for broadened rights is counterproductive, particularly pressure from the United States, given the "intense anti-American sentiment in Saudi Arabia after September 11." Under Saudi law, all females must have a male guardian (wali), typically a father, brother, husband or uncle (mahram).
Girls and women are forbidden from traveling, conducting official business, or undergoing certain medical procedures without permission from their male guardians.
Gender roles in Saudi society come from local culture and interpretations of Sharia (Islamic law).
Sharia law, or the divine will, is derived by scholars through interpreting the Quran and hadith (sayings of and accounts about the Prophet's life).
Under this new policy, Saudi Arabian men receive a text message on their mobile phones whenever a woman under their custody leaves the country, even if she is traveling with her guardian.
In Saudi culture, the Sharia is interpreted according to a strict Sunni form known as the way of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) or Wahhabism.
The law is mostly unwritten, leaving judges with significant discretionary power which they usually exercise in favor of tribal traditions.
At least according to some (Library of Congress) customs of the Arabian peninsula also play a part in women's place in Saudi society.
The peninsula is the ancestral home of patriarchal, nomadic tribes, in which separation of women and men, and namus (honour) are considered central.