In 1907, the Board of Education found that greater capacity for higher technical education was needed and a proposal to merge the Royal School of Mines, the Royal College of Science, and City and Guilds College, was approved and passed, creating The Imperial College of Science and Technology as a constituent college of the University of London.
Imperial's Royal Charter, granted by Edward VII, was officially signed on 8 July 1907.
The Great Exhibition in 1851 was organised by Prince Albert, Henry Cole, Francis Fuller and other members of the Royal Society for the Encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce.
The Great Exhibition made a surplus of £186,000 used in creating an area in the South of Kensington encouraging art and science for everyone.
The founders, John Lloyd Bullock and John Gardner appointed August Wilhelm Hofmann as the first Professor.In 2017-18, it is ranked 8th in both the Times Higher Education World University Rankings and QS World University Rankings and 27th in the Academic Ranking of World Universities.The medical school is ranked 4th in the world by Times Higher Education World University Rankings.In 1988, Imperial merged with St Mary's Hospital Medical School, becoming The Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine.In 1995, Imperial launched its own academic publishing house, Imperial College Press, in partnership with World Scientific.Prince Albert was a patron and supporter of the later developments in science teaching, which led to the Royal College of Chemistry becoming part of the Royal School of Mines, and to the creation of the Royal College of Science and eventually to these institutions becoming part of his plan for South Kensington being an educational region. Wells and are distinguishable by the letters ARCS (Associate of the Royal College of Science) after their name.The Royal College of Science, established in 1881, was a higher education institution located in South Kensington; it was a constituent college of Imperial College London from 1907 until it was wholly absorbed by Imperial in 2002. Organisations linked with the college include the Royal College of Science Union and the Royal College of Science Association.Prince Albert's vision developed a cultural area composed of the Victoria and Albert Museum, Science Museum, Natural History Museum, Geological Museum, Royal College of Science, Royal College of Art, Royal School of Mines, Royal College of Music, Royal College of Organists, Royal School of Needlework, Royal Geographical Society, Institute of Recorded Sound, Royal Horticultural Gardens, Royal Albert Hall and the Imperial Institute.The Royal College of Chemistry was established in 1845 by subscription as a necessary national resource for industrial and technical development.The university's emphasis is on technology and its practical application.Imperial is consistently ranked among the top universities in the world.