They were not to be conceived, however, as either universal—that is, they did not account for all lithic technology; or as synchronous—they were not in effect in different regions simultaneously.Mode 1, for example, was in use in Europe long after it had been replaced by Mode 2 in Africa.The stone tools may have been made by Australopithecus afarensis —also called Kenyanthropus platyops— (a 3.2 to 3.5-million-year-old Pliocene hominin fossil discovered in 1999) the species whose best fossil example is Lucy, which inhabited East Africa at the same time as the date of the oldest stone tools.Dating of the tools was by dating volcanic ash layers in which the tools were found and dating the magnetic signature (pointing north or south due to reversal of the magnetic poles) of the rock at the site.There is no question, however, that habilis and erectus coexisted, as habilis fossils are found as late as 1.4 million years ago. The manufacturer begins with a blank, either a larger stone or a slab knocked off a larger rock.
Homo habilis was the hominin who used the tools for most of the Oldowan in Africa, but at about 1.9-1.8 million years ago Homo erectus inherited them.
Stone has been used to make a wide variety of different tools throughout history, including arrow heads, spearpoints and querns.
Stone tools may be made of either ground stone or chipped stone, and a person who creates tools out of the latter is known as a flintknapper.
The Industry flourished in southern and eastern Africa between 2.6 and 1.7 million years ago, but was also spread out of Africa and into Eurasia by travelling bands of H.
erectus, who took it as far east as Java by 1.8 million years ago and Northern China by 1.6 million years ago.