Regulation is heavy with strong state involvement in the telecommunications and media market.Most users who post online media practice a degree of self-censorship prompted by fears of regulatory prosecution.The Belarus government has moved to second- and third-generation controls to manage its national information space.Control over the Internet is centralized with the government-owned Beltelecom managing the country’s Internet gateway.The president has established a strong and elaborate information security policy and has declared his intention to exercise strict control over the Internet under the pretext of national security.The political climate is repressive and opposition leaders and independent journalists are frequently detained and prosecuted.Freedom House has produced five editions of its report Freedom on the Net.
In addition the 2012 report identified seven countries that were at particular risk of suffering setbacks related to Internet freedom in late 2012 and in 2013: Azerbaijan, Libya, Malaysia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Russia, and Sri Lanka.At the time the Internet in most of these countries was a relatively open and unconstrained space for free expression, but the countries also typically featured a repressive environment for traditional media and had recently considered or introduced legislation that would negatively affect Internet freedom.Due to legal concerns the Open Net Initiative does not check for filtering of child pornography and because their classifications focus on technical filtering, they do not include other types of censorship.Through 2010 the Open Net Initiative had documented Internet filtering by governments in over forty countries worldwide.The level of filtering was classified in 26 countries in 2007 and in 25 countries in 2009.ONI's summarized global Internet filtering data was last updated on 20 September 2013.In 2006, Reporters without Borders (Reporters sans frontières, RSF), a Paris-based international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, started publishing a list of "Enemies of the Internet".The level of Internet censorship and surveillance in a country is classified in one of the four categories: pervasive, substantial, selective, and little or no censorship or surveillance.The classifications are based on the classifications and ratings from the Freedom on the Net reports by Freedom House supplemented with information from the Open Net Initiative (ONI), Reporters Without Borders (RWB), and the Country Reports on Human Rights Practices by the U. State Department Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor.The organization classifies a country as an enemy of the internet because "all of these countries mark themselves out not just for their capacity to censor news and information online but also for their almost systematic repression of Internet users." When the "Enemies of the Internet" list was introduced in 2006, it listed 13 countries.From 2006 to 2012 the number of countries listed fell to 10 and then rose to 12. In 2014 the list grew to 19 with an increased emphasis on surveillance in addition to censorship. When the "Countries under surveillance" list was introduced in 2008, it listed 10 countries.