The principal stone or megalith, referred to as the Lochmabonstone by Logan Mack in 1926, has, in the Borders context, an unsurpassed extent of history attached to it.
It is an erratic, 7 feet high and 18 feet in girth and weighs approximately ten tons.
This meant the Neolithic people were able to predict when these “amazing spectaculars” would take place, said Dr Higginbottom.
“They had to be aware of their environment, for survival, but it was also quite magical.” Callanish and Stenness were built about 500 years before Stonehenge in Wiltshire, where crowds continue to gather to mark the summer solstice each year at dawn on 21 June.
Mystery has long surrounded the hundreds of ancient stone monuments found in Britain, from Stonehenge to Castlerigg in the Lake District.
The name has its origins in map, the Old Welsh for 'son of' and is suggestive of a divine youth.
The structures are also much simpler than Stonehenge, which attracts hundreds of thousands of visitors every year and in 2013 celebrated the opening of a new £27m visitor centre.
“We are planning to investigate Stonehenge, but we wanted to get it right with something simpler first,” said Dr Higginbottom.
It is also suggested that Locus Maponi means the 'Loch' or 'Pool' of Mabon and this would suggest that the town of Lochmaben is the intended named site.
Maporitum is another name recorded in the cosmography and given that the name relates to the Ford of Mabon and indeed the name 'Solway' is most likely derived from the word Sul standing for the pillar or Lochmaben stone and the word Wath that is of Viking origin and means to 'wade', indicating a ford.