Research has established that Homo erectus was in Java 1.74 million years ago.Skeletons in southeast Asia less than 100,000 years old are rare.From radio-carbon dates of 9000 years ago in 1961 to 328,000 in 1981, the pace of discovery has pushed back the earliest evidence of occupation.
Until the middle of the 20th century, archaeologists assumed that the first migration into Australia took place during the last glaciation, now dated between 25,000 and 13,000 years ago, when sea levels were last low.
These questions remain unresolved as each new model is in turn challenged by new theories, evidence and dating techniques.
What is their place in the global story of human evolution?
Most far-reaching, though, were the ethnocentric and racist attitudes of the European settlers regarding the Aboriginal culture and people.
The repercussions of European colonization are still being felt today, especially on traditional family life.